Best practice recommendations for conducting after-action reviews to enhance public health preparedness
The threat of serious, cross-border infectious disease outbreaks in Europe is a significant challenge in terms of public health emergency preparedness (PHEP). An integral part of improving preparedness and response planning is learning from past experience. Conducting after-action reviews (AARs) on public health emergencies is one such approach, but there is no standardised approach to conducting such assessments. This report identifies the common features of AARs, develops a validity assessment tool for appraising AARs, and proposes a set of best practice recommendations.