Key documentation and products developed by partners for supporting Community Engagement for Drought Response

Situation on Drought and Food Insecurity

The Horn of Africa is currently facing the fourth consecutive below-average rainfall season since late 2020 due to La Niña conditions, which is aggravating the current water crisis and ongoing drought in five countries. Up to 20 million people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia will need water and food assistance until the end of 2022 due to drought, insecurity, conflict and economic challenges. Early climate forecasts suggest an increased probability of another below-average season between October and December 2022. (UNICEF, 6 Jun 2022)

Worsening drought conditions in southern Ethiopia, eastern and northern Kenya, and southern and central Somalia led to severe water and pasture shortages, livestock deaths, below-average harvests (65 percent in Somalia & 70 percent in marginal agricultural areas of Kenya), sharply increasing cereal and other staple food prices while also eroding household purchasing power. A fourth consecutive below-average rainfall season is highly likely during GU (March to May) rains complicating the situation … The risk of skyrocketing domestic food inflation remains high in six out of the ten Eastern Africa countries, four of which are already experiencing double-digit food inflation (13 percent in Somalia, 16 percent in Burundi, 42 percent in Ethiopia and 258 percent in Sudan). Sudan, Eritrea, and Djibouti are the highest at risk of increased and higher inflation because of the Ukraine’s war. (WFP, 5 May 2022)

Lesotho, 2019 @IFRC

Key Resources on Drought

Horn of Africa crisis: Public Health Situation Analysis, May 2022


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Countries in the greater Horn of Africa are facing one of the worst episodes of food insecurity seen in decades The Horn of Africa is experiencing one of its worst droughts in recent history, an estimated 15 to 20 million people are severely affected by the drought in Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia – more than 3, 5 and 7 million people in each country, respectively. These people are severely food insecure, with families are taking desperate measures to survive and so many leaving their homes in search of
food, water, and pasture.

The unprecedented impacts of multiple failed rainy seasons are threatening to create a humanitarian crisis in a region already negatively impacted by cumulative shocks, including conflict and insecurity, extreme weather conditions, climate change, desert locusts and the negative socioeconomic impacts
of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Horn of Africa drought crisis: climate change is here now, May 2022


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UNICEF is appealing for US$ 847 million to provide urgent life-saving and climate resilience support to 4.2 million people, half of them children, in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. Right now, 2 million children across Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia are in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition.

This is a humanitarian catastrophe. Children in the Horn of Africa (HoA) are experiencing the impacts of one of the worst climate-induced emergencies of the past 40 years, with the lowest levels of funding on record not allowing the humanitarian community to respond as needed. Urgent aid is needed to prevent parts of the region sliding into famine.



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This appeal will cover critical humanitarian needs in refugee and IDP settlements until the end of the year including water, sanitation facilities, nutrition, healthcare and protection. It also seeks to provide cash assistance for those most vulnerable, enabling them to better meet their needs, and specific support for women, girls and children, including the provision of dignity kits and protective services from gender-based violence.



Situation, Contextual Analysis


8 Critical Factors Behind Every Food Crisis

Mercy Corps - Pathway from peace to resilience - 2015

ACAPS - Briefing Note on Somalia Food Security - November 2021


Situation Reports

Siutation reports on Drought from partners

Contextual analysis

Research and studies on socio-economical context and community perception


Rapid assessments, Infodemic insights


USAID - Local Knowledge and Perceptions on the Causes of Malnutrition among the Dasanech in Kenya: A Rapid Participatory Assessment in Illeret Ward, Marsabit County

IDMP HOA - Assessment of Drought Resilience Frameworks in Horn of Africa (2015)

Save The Children - Children at the Centre - Somalia Children's Consultation

HelpAge - Needs Assessment of Older People - East Africa Drought - 21 June 22


Assessment Reports

Assessment reports on Drought and Food Security from partners


Tools for assessment supporting RCCE response on Drought and Food Security


Guidance, Strategy, Plan


WHO - Regional Emergency Response Appeal

Drought-Ready Communities: A Guide to Community Drought Preparedness

IGAD - Promising Practice Kenya Community Participation in Drought Management


Guidances and Strategies

Guidances and strategies for global, regional and country levels


Tools for a coordination mechanism of RCCE response on Drought and Food Security


Community engagement activities, Communication Content, Social Media


IFRC-Public awareness and public education for disaster risk reduction

Drought Contingency Planning with Pastoral Communities - A Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction Planning toolkit



Toolkits on Communication and Community Engagement for Drought designed by partners


Prior conducted studies and resources from previous responses

Horn of Africa 2015 - 2022

Community Engagement resources  from Horn of Africa Response

Southern Africa 2018

Community Engagement resources  from Southern Africa Response

Knowledge Hub on Drought

Horn of Africa Resource Portal

CCEA messages and resources continuously updated and available for those working on the response compiled by CDAC Network

Social Science in action

Selected social science reports or briefs on Drought compiled by SSHAP

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